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Location and Size

 Büklükale is in Karakeçili town, which is linked to the county of Karakeçili, immediately on the left side of the highway that goes to Kaman from Ankara, before crossing Kızılırmak River. It is about 100 km southeast of Ankara and 50 km west of the Kaman Kalehöyük Archeological Museum in Kaman.


Büklükale is in among the narrowest parts of Kızılırmak River. In this area there is a stone bridge named Çeşnigir that belongs to the 13th century Seljuk period. Furthermore, the remnants of a bridge from the Roman times, which are currently under water in Büklükale, which is in one of the most important passage points in Central Anatolia in terms of its location, show that this area has been preferred for settlement for centuries.


Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Work


As a result of the surface research that was conducted in the years 1991, 2006 and 2008 under the chairmanship of Dr. Sachihiro OMURA, who is the head of the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute, it was determined that Büklükale has a strategic significance for the 2nd millennium B.C. and the Hittite Imperial Age in terms of the ancient history of Anatolia thanks to its location. Therefore, it is aimed to shed light on the Hittite period, which is an important problem that appeared in the chronology of Kaman Kalehöyük, which has been excavated since 1986, thanks to the Büklükale excavations.


As a result of this research, Assistant Prof. Kimiyoshi MATSUMURA, who works as a researcher at the Japanese Antolia Archeology Institute and also works as a lecturer at Ahi Evran University, started the excavations in 2009.


Excavation Works


Büklükale ruins are composed of two archeological sites, which are the lower city and the upper city.


One of the goals of the works that are done here is to find out the stratigraphy of this region by conducting excavation works at the top of the rocks that are called “Castle” and identifying the layers that belong 

to the Hittite Imperial Age is also one of the important purposes.

 In the excavations that have been conducted so far, four culture layers have been identified: 1st Layer: Ottoman period, 2nd Layer: Iron Age, 3rd Layer: Late and Middle Bronze Age, 4th Layer: Early Bronze Age.

 Glass bottle, which may be the first glass work in Anatolia, from among the 3rd layer findings and cuneiform tablet, which has been dated to the Hittite Imperial Age, are among the important findings.

 Hellenistic period materials, which has been dated to the Late Iron Age, have also been identified at 

the site.


With the identification of the boundaries of the lower city with the ongoing magnetic research, and also in the geomagnetic research conducted in the lower city, ancient city walls and a gate that belong to the Hittite period have been found. Thus, it has been discovered that Büklükale was an important city center in the second half of the 2nd millennium B.C., that is, in the Hittite Imperial Age. 



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Location and Size


 Kaman-Kalehöyük is in the province of Kırşehir, county of Kaman, town of Çağırkan, approximately 100 km southeast of Ankara, 3 km east of the county of Kaman and immediately to the south of the Public Highway No. 260, which links Ankara to Kayseri. Kaman-Kalehöyük is a medium size hill town that is 280 km in diameter, 16 m high and that has the appearance of a trapezoid from one side.


An ancient road that is called “Immigrant Road” or “Silk Road” passes immediately to the south of the hill town. Two small brooks that flow from the north to the south constitute the eastern and western edges of it. The fact that water sources exist near this hill town must have been one of the most important reasons why people chose this area for settlement.


 Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Works



The topographical maps of the hill town were completed by evaluating the ceramics and other findings that were gathered during the surface surveys that were conducted in Kaman-Kalehöyük and the vicinity by the Japan Middle East Culture Center in July-August 1985.


 In the surveys that were conducted, the existence of culture layers that extend from the Middle Age to the Early Bronze Age was identified. As a result of these surveys, a decision was made to start the excavation work in 1986.


 His highness Prince Takahito Mikasa, who is the honorary head of the Japan Middle East Culture

 Center, made the first dig with a pickaxe in Kalehöyük on May 31, 1986. Excavation works have continued non-stop in Kaman-Kalehöyük since that date until today.


In addition to the excavations, surface research is also being conducted in Central Anatolia by the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute.


 Excavation Works




When the hill town is dug towards the bottom, it is seen that structures that belong the people in the past and various remains have become stratified on top of each other. Excavation works ensure that these are ordered regularly and chronological development of thousands of years is discovered.


 In the excavation works that have been done until today, four culture layers have been identified:


If we summarize these:


1st Layer (phases of Ia and Ib) : 15-17th centuries Ottoman period, Byzantine and Seljuk state period,


A period without settlement between 15th century A.D. and 4th century B.C. and which is between the 1st and 2nd layers

2nd Layer (phases IIa-b-c-d): Iron Age, which covered the period between 12th century B.C. and 4th century A.D.,


3rd Layer (phases IIIa-b-c): Hittite Imperial Age, Ancient Hittite Kingdom Age and Assyrian Trade Colonies Age, even though they have not been identified completely in the hill town that covers the period from 20th century to 13th centuryB.C.


Finally the 4th Layer (phases IV-a-b) has been dated to 2200-2000 B.C., that is, the Early Bronze Age.




In addition, the period which includes the time until the establishment of the Aiol and Ion cities in the Aegean by those peoples who immigrated after the collapse of the Hittite Empire in the chronology of the Ancient Anatolia, which does not include settlement and traces of culture and parallel to this, appears to be a significant prob

lem for us is named the Dark Age. The surveys that have been conducted indicate that the traces of life that belong to the Dark Age in Kalehöyük were found in layer IId.


 Uncovering the chronology that constitute the foundation of these archeological and historical works is the first objective of the excavation works in Kaman-Kalehöyük. Another objective of the excavation works is to find out and uncover the settlement types, life styles and social conditions of each period.


 Quite colorful findings also attract the attention in Kalehöyük, which has rich culture layers. Among these, a porcelain piece that was imported from China and that was dated to 17th century A.D. and Polish coins are important in t

 erms of indicating the Eastern-Western trade. In addition, imported seals that have been dated to the 1st and 2nd milleniums B.C. are also significant in terms of showing that this trade goes back to very old times. Apart from the pottery, crockery and metal findings that have been found in the hill town in large numbers, a clay tablet that was dated to the Assyrian Trade Colonies period and that has economic features is among the significant findings. Furthermore, the artifacts that have been found indicate that layers that belong to the Chalcolitihic and Neolithic Ages will also be discovered.






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Location and Size

Yassıhöyük, which is immediately to the north of the public highway No. 260 between An

kara and Kırşehir, is a flat hill town with an oval shape that is 625 m wide in the east-west direction and 13 m high and is 20 km from the city center of Kırşehir. Yassıhöyük is about 30 km east of the county center of Kaman.

Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Works

In Yassıhöyük, which was discovered as a result of the surface surveys that were started by the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute in Kaman and its vicinity in 1986, cultures that belong to the Hell

enistic period, Iron Age, Middle Bronze Age and Early Bronze Age were identified through the materials collected from the surface and geomagnetic data.

Especially as a result of the geomagnetic surveys, remains of a large structure was found in the middle of the hill town.

Uncovering and examining the building, which was discovered as a result of the geomagnetic surveys conducted to shed light on the ancient Anatolian history and as a result of the excavation works that were started by Dr. Masako OMURA from the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute in 2009, is one of the significant objectives of t

he excavation.

Excavation Works

As a result of the excavation works that have been done in the hill town for the last three years, four structure layers have been discovered in two culture layers: 1st Layer (1-3 structure layers): Iron Age, 2nd Layer: Middle and Early Bronze Age.

When the findings that were uncovered as a result of the excavation works are evaluated, especially metal findings attract attention apart from the architectural remains that were identified in three structural strata of the 1st layer. Apart from a small golden earring and spiral, a lead plate with hieroglyph, for which there is a similar copy in the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum, fibulas, arrow heads and needles are among the findings that ha

ve been found.

The 2nd layer of the hill town attracts attention especially for its architectural remains. As the remains of a large palace in which a structure was built around a courtyard, which reminds one of the Mesopotamian architecture, was uncovered, it was seen that clay plaster was used in most of the walls. Moreover, the traces of a big fire were found in this layer, wooden beams that have turned into coal and that have been preserved well have been identified.

Small findings such as seal stamps that have been found indicate that Yassıhöyük can be dated to the early stages of the Assyrian Trade Colonies Age. 



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The library of our museum consists of mostly children’s books and stories in addition to cultural and scientific books. In the museum, where emphasis is placed on children’s education, there are children’s books gifted by the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Museum and Republic of Turkey Is Bank in addition to the books with scientific content sent by the Directorate General of Cultural Assets and Museums. 

 Various educational activities such as theatre course, summer school and reading days that are organized in the museum are carried out in the children’s library section.

       Held in the museum theater courses, summer schools and educational activities such as reading days are part of the children's library in our museum.

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