Yazdır
Kategori: Uncategorised
30 Nisan 2013 tarihinde yayınlandı. Gösterim: 2188

 

BÜKLÜKALE

Location and Size

 Büklükale is in Karakeçili town, which is linked to the county of Karakeçili, immediately on the left side of the highway that goes to Kaman from Ankara, before crossing Kızılırmak River. It is about 100 km southeast of Ankara and 50 km west of the Kaman Kalehöyük Archeological Museum in Kaman.

  

Büklükale is in among the narrowest parts of Kızılırmak River. In this area there is a stone bridge named Çeşnigir that belongs to the 13th century Seljuk period. Furthermore, the remnants of a bridge from the Roman times, which are currently under water in Büklükale, which is in one of the most important passage points in Central Anatolia in terms of its location, show that this area has been preferred for settlement for centuries.

 

Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Work

 

As a result of the surface research that was conducted in the years 1991, 2006 and 2008 under the chairmanship of Dr. Sachihiro OMURA, who is the head of the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute, it was determined that Büklükale has a strategic significance for the 2nd millennium B.C. and the Hittite Imperial Age in terms of the ancient history of Anatolia thanks to its location. Therefore, it is aimed to shed light on the Hittite period, which is an important problem that appeared in the chronology of Kaman Kalehöyük, which has been excavated since 1986, thanks to the Büklükale excavations.

 

As a result of this research, Assistant Prof. Kimiyoshi MATSUMURA, who works as a researcher at the Japanese Antolia Archeology Institute and also works as a lecturer at Ahi Evran University, started the excavations in 2009.

 

Excavation Works

 

Büklükale ruins are composed of two archeological sites, which are the lower city and the upper city.

 

One of the goals of the works that are done here is to find out the stratigraphy of this region by conducting excavation works at the top of the rocks that are called “Castle” and identifying the layers that belong 

to the Hittite Imperial Age is also one of the important purposes.

 In the excavations that have been conducted so far, four culture layers have been identified: 1st Layer: Ottoman period, 2nd Layer: Iron Age, 3rd Layer: Late and Middle Bronze Age, 4th Layer: Early Bronze Age.

 Glass bottle, which may be the first glass work in Anatolia, from among the 3rd layer findings and cuneiform tablet, which has been dated to the Hittite Imperial Age, are among the important findings.

 Hellenistic period materials, which has been dated to the Late Iron Age, have also been identified at 

the site.

 

With the identification of the boundaries of the lower city with the ongoing magnetic research, and also in the geomagnetic research conducted in the lower city, ancient city walls and a gate that belong to the Hittite period have been found. Thus, it has been discovered that Büklükale was an important city center in the second half of the 2nd millennium B.C., that is, in the Hittite Imperial Age.