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30 Nisan 2013 tarihinde yayınlandı. Gösterim: 2343

KAMAN-KALEHÖYÜK

Location and Size

 

 Kaman-Kalehöyük is in the province of Kırşehir, county of Kaman, town of Çağırkan, approximately 100 km southeast of Ankara, 3 km east of the county of Kaman and immediately to the south of the Public Highway No. 260, which links Ankara to Kayseri. Kaman-Kalehöyük is a medium size hill town that is 280 km in diameter, 16 m high and that has the appearance of a trapezoid from one side.

 

An ancient road that is called “Immigrant Road” or “Silk Road” passes immediately to the south of the hill town. Two small brooks that flow from the north to the south constitute the eastern and western edges of it. The fact that water sources exist near this hill town must have been one of the most important reasons why people chose this area for settlement.

 

 Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Works

     

 

The topographical maps of the hill town were completed by evaluating the ceramics and other findings that were gathered during the surface surveys that were conducted in Kaman-Kalehöyük and the vicinity by the Japan Middle East Culture Center in July-August 1985.

 

 In the surveys that were conducted, the existence of culture layers that extend from the Middle Age to the Early Bronze Age was identified. As a result of these surveys, a decision was made to start the excavation work in 1986.

 

 His highness Prince Takahito Mikasa, who is the honorary head of the Japan Middle East Culture

 Center, made the first dig with a pickaxe in Kalehöyük on May 31, 1986. Excavation works have continued non-stop in Kaman-Kalehöyük since that date until today.

 

In addition to the excavations, surface research is also being conducted in Central Anatolia by the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute.

 

 Excavation Works

 

 

 

When the hill town is dug towards the bottom, it is seen that structures that belong the people in the past and various remains have become stratified on top of each other. Excavation works ensure that these are ordered regularly and chronological development of thousands of years is discovered.

 

 In the excavation works that have been done until today, four culture layers have been identified:

 

If we summarize these:

 

1st Layer (phases of Ia and Ib) : 15-17th centuries Ottoman period, Byzantine and Seljuk state period,

 

A period without settlement between 15th century A.D. and 4th century B.C. and which is between the 1st and 2nd layers

2nd Layer (phases IIa-b-c-d): Iron Age, which covered the period between 12th century B.C. and 4th century A.D.,

 

3rd Layer (phases IIIa-b-c): Hittite Imperial Age, Ancient Hittite Kingdom Age and Assyrian Trade Colonies Age, even though they have not been identified completely in the hill town that covers the period from 20th century to 13th centuryB.C.

 

Finally the 4th Layer (phases IV-a-b) has been dated to 2200-2000 B.C., that is, the Early Bronze Age.

 

 

 

In addition, the period which includes the time until the establishment of the Aiol and Ion cities in the Aegean by those peoples who immigrated after the collapse of the Hittite Empire in the chronology of the Ancient Anatolia, which does not include settlement and traces of culture and parallel to this, appears to be a significant prob

lem for us is named the Dark Age. The surveys that have been conducted indicate that the traces of life that belong to the Dark Age in Kalehöyük were found in layer IId.

 

 Uncovering the chronology that constitute the foundation of these archeological and historical works is the first objective of the excavation works in Kaman-Kalehöyük. Another objective of the excavation works is to find out and uncover the settlement types, life styles and social conditions of each period.

 

 Quite colorful findings also attract the attention in Kalehöyük, which has rich culture layers. Among these, a porcelain piece that was imported from China and that was dated to 17th century A.D. and Polish coins are important in t

 erms of indicating the Eastern-Western trade. In addition, imported seals that have been dated to the 1st and 2nd milleniums B.C. are also significant in terms of showing that this trade goes back to very old times. Apart from the pottery, crockery and metal findings that have been found in the hill town in large numbers, a clay tablet that was dated to the Assyrian Trade Colonies period and that has economic features is among the significant findings. Furthermore, the artifacts that have been found indicate that layers that belong to the Chalcolitihic and Neolithic Ages will also be discovered.