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30 Nisan 2013 tarihinde yayınlandı. Gösterim: 3029


Location and Size

Yassıhöyük, which is immediately to the north of the public highway No. 260 between An

kara and Kırşehir, is a flat hill town with an oval shape that is 625 m wide in the east-west direction and 13 m high and is 20 km from the city center of Kırşehir. Yassıhöyük is about 30 km east of the county center of Kaman.

Surface Surveys and the Beginning of the Excavation Works

In Yassıhöyük, which was discovered as a result of the surface surveys that were started by the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute in Kaman and its vicinity in 1986, cultures that belong to the Hell

enistic period, Iron Age, Middle Bronze Age and Early Bronze Age were identified through the materials collected from the surface and geomagnetic data.

Especially as a result of the geomagnetic surveys, remains of a large structure was found in the middle of the hill town.

Uncovering and examining the building, which was discovered as a result of the geomagnetic surveys conducted to shed light on the ancient Anatolian history and as a result of the excavation works that were started by Dr. Masako OMURA from the Japanese Anatolia Archeology Institute in 2009, is one of the significant objectives of t

he excavation.

Excavation Works

As a result of the excavation works that have been done in the hill town for the last three years, four structure layers have been discovered in two culture layers: 1st Layer (1-3 structure layers): Iron Age, 2nd Layer: Middle and Early Bronze Age.

When the findings that were uncovered as a result of the excavation works are evaluated, especially metal findings attract attention apart from the architectural remains that were identified in three structural strata of the 1st layer. Apart from a small golden earring and spiral, a lead plate with hieroglyph, for which there is a similar copy in the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum, fibulas, arrow heads and needles are among the findings that ha

ve been found.

The 2nd layer of the hill town attracts attention especially for its architectural remains. As the remains of a large palace in which a structure was built around a courtyard, which reminds one of the Mesopotamian architecture, was uncovered, it was seen that clay plaster was used in most of the walls. Moreover, the traces of a big fire were found in this layer, wooden beams that have turned into coal and that have been preserved well have been identified.

Small findings such as seal stamps that have been found indicate that Yassıhöyük can be dated to the early stages of the Assyrian Trade Colonies Age.